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汞污染场地特征识别与健康风险研究

赵彬 彭天玥 张昊 王刘炜 宗汶静 侯德义

赵彬, 彭天玥, 张昊, 王刘炜, 宗汶静, 侯德义. 汞污染场地特征识别与健康风险研究[J]. 环境工程, 2023, 41(4): 205-212. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202304028
引用本文: 赵彬, 彭天玥, 张昊, 王刘炜, 宗汶静, 侯德义. 汞污染场地特征识别与健康风险研究[J]. 环境工程, 2023, 41(4): 205-212. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202304028
ZHAO Bin, PENG Tianyue, ZHANG Hao, WANG Liuwei, ZONG Wenjing, HOU Deyi. CHARACTERISTICS IDENTIFICATION AND HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF MERCURY CONTAMINATED SITES[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING , 2023, 41(4): 205-212. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202304028
Citation: ZHAO Bin, PENG Tianyue, ZHANG Hao, WANG Liuwei, ZONG Wenjing, HOU Deyi. CHARACTERISTICS IDENTIFICATION AND HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF MERCURY CONTAMINATED SITES[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING , 2023, 41(4): 205-212. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202304028

汞污染场地特征识别与健康风险研究

doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202304028
基金项目: 

广东省科学院发展专项资金(2022GDASZH-2022010105)

国家自然科学基金项目(42077118)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵彬(1991-),男,助理研究员,博士,主要从事污染场地风险评价与绿色管控技术研发。zhaobinbeikeda@163.com

    通讯作者:

    侯德义(1980-),男,教授,博士,博导,主要从事污染土壤和地下水的绿色及可持续修复研究。houdeyi@tsinghua.edu.cn

CHARACTERISTICS IDENTIFICATION AND HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF MERCURY CONTAMINATED SITES

  • 摘要: 汞污染场地特征识别与风险管控是《关于汞的水俣公约》中重要的履约计划。围绕当前我国场地尺度汞污染特征不清、风险管理模式不健全的问题,深入研究了人为活动汞的物质流向与管控行业场地潜在的污染途径,系统分析了当前场地尺度汞的主要来源、赋存形态、空间迁移与形态转化,并以原生汞矿选冶矿山作为典型汞污染场地,构建了场地概念模型并对风险评价与分类管控对策进行研究。结果表明:我国汞污染场地多存在于原矿开采、汞触媒、氯碱、聚氯乙烯(polyvinyl chloride,PVC)、废物处置等有意汞排放行业,以及燃煤电厂、有色金属、水泥生产等无意汞排放行业。场地中的汞以无机和有机复杂形态赋存,并可发生介质间迁移与形态间的转化,对场地风险的精准评估形成挑战。汞污染场地潜在暴露情景的场地概念模型表明:汞可通过经口、呼吸、饮水、饮食等多途径进入人体并形成不可接受的健康风险。根据国外场地风险评价理论与管理实践,并结合我国的实际情况,提出基于汞生物化学转化过程的精准风险评价与风险优先级相适应的分类修复/风险管控,以期成为一种科学规范、环境友好、可持续的汞污染场地风险管理对策。最后对汞污染场地风险评价方法与管控对策研究的发展方向作出展望。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-26
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-01

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