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重金属污染全生命周期防治:挑战与机遇

石岩 邹龙 梁彦杰 林璋 柴立元

石岩, 邹龙, 梁彦杰, 林璋, 柴立元. 重金属污染全生命周期防治:挑战与机遇[J]. 环境工程, 2023, 41(9): 29-35. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202309004
引用本文: 石岩, 邹龙, 梁彦杰, 林璋, 柴立元. 重金属污染全生命周期防治:挑战与机遇[J]. 环境工程, 2023, 41(9): 29-35. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202309004
SHI Yan, ZOU Long, LIANG Yanjie, LIN Zhang, CHAI Liyuan. THE WHOLE-LIFE CYCLE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING , 2023, 41(9): 29-35. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202309004
Citation: SHI Yan, ZOU Long, LIANG Yanjie, LIN Zhang, CHAI Liyuan. THE WHOLE-LIFE CYCLE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING , 2023, 41(9): 29-35. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202309004

重金属污染全生命周期防治:挑战与机遇

doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.202309004
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(21836002,2212200852);国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFA0210400);湖南省自然科学重大项目基金(2021JC0001)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    石岩(1985-),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为微生物协同环境废弃物的转化原理与资源化。shiyzyrs@csu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    林璋(1971-),女,博士,教授,主要研究方向为重金属污染控制化学。zhang_lin@csu.edu.cn

    柴立元(1966-),男,博士,教授,主要研究方向为有色冶金环境工程。lychai@csu.edu.cn

THE WHOLE-LIFE CYCLE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

  • 摘要: 重金属在生产和消费过程中进入环境,形成了复杂、动态、长链条的迁移体系,严重威胁着生态平衡和人体健康。以单一介质和因子为对象的传统防治理论体系,已难以满足当前重金属污染防治需求。因此,同步考虑多环境介质、多污染因子,建立系统性的重金属污染防治理论,成为发展新一代污染防治技术的核心。基于我国当前重金属污染特点和污染防治理论与技术现状,围绕全生命周期理念,提出构建重金属污染物"溯源-辨析-转化-回归"的全链条防治理论体系的思考。首先概括了目前重金属污染防治理论与技术面临的局限,进而点明了重金属污染防治技术创新所面临的五大挑战,最后围绕全生命周期理念的核心环节,探讨了应对上述挑战的可行途径,并对未来的发展方向作出展望。总体上,随着相关理论和方法的不断研究,关键技术的不断突破,重金属污染全生命周期防治模型与理论方法的构建将为我国重金属污染环境质量改善与管理技术创新提供重大理论支撑。
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-06
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